Eye Problems

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Signs of eye pain include excessive tearing, squinting, tenderness to the touch and sensitivity to light. Other signs of a painful eye are loss of appetite, lethargy, whining and crying. The nictitating membrane often protrudes in response to pain. The most common causes of severe eye pain are acute glaucoma, uveitis, keratitis and corneal injuries.

The appearance of discharge helps to define the cause of the problem. A clear discharge with no other symptoms suggests a problem with the tearing mechanism. A painless discharge accompanied by redness is typical of conjunctivitis. Any discharge accompanied by signs of pain should alert you to the possibility of corneal or inner eye problems.

An opaque or whitish membrane that moves out over the surface of the eyeball from the inner corner of the eye is a protruded nictitating membrane.
Loss of clarity or transparency accompanied by signs of pain suggests keratitis, glaucoma or uvcitis. Cataracts are the most likely cause when the eye is not painful. If the eye is entirely opaque you might think the dog is blind, but this is not necessarily the case.

Changes in eye pressure and firmness of the eyeball are caused by diseases of the inner eye. A hard eye with a dilated pupil indicates glaucoma. A soft eye with a small pupil indicates uveitis.

A bulging eye occurs with glaucoma, tumours and abscesses behind the globe, and with an eye out of its socket. A sunken eye occurs with dehydration, weight loss, eye pain and tetanus.


This condition, in which the eyelids roll inward, is the most common congenital defect of the eyelids. It can also be caused by injury and long-standing eyelid infections that cause scarring. The abnormal eyelids produce irritation with tearing and squinting. Corneal injuries are common.

Breeds most commonly affected by entropion are the Chinese Shar-Pei, Chow Chow, Great Dane, Great Pyrenees, Saint Bernard, Bulldog and the hunting breeds. Most cases involve the lower eyelids. In dogs with large heads and loose facial skin such as Chinese Shar-Pei, Bloodhounds and Saint Bernards, the upper eyelids may be involved.

Canine Bowen Technique and the Treatment of Eye Problems

To support vetenary care Bowen can be used to help drain the excess fluid synonymous with eye problems. The gentle procedures will be focused on the neck, throat and head area to help alleviate inflammation and fluid production.

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